National Education Policy NEP 2020: What Changes in Education System & How it Affects Students, Teachers

National Education Policy: The National Education Policy – NEP 2020 was introduced 3 years ago and still educational bodies are focusing on implementing the national education policy in schools and colleges. NCERT is also continuously working to redesign textbooks for students from class 1 to class 12. Educational boards are also revising their curriculum according to the provisions of national education policy. Today we are discussing the implementation of National Education Policy 2020 and will also discuss with you about the major changes which will come in India’s education system after implementing the policy completely. 

National Education Policy [NEP] 2020 Implementation 

The Ministry of education, formally known as the Ministry of Human Resource and development, provides a platform for all educational organizations and institutions to implement the provisions of national education policy. The CBSE board has also revised and reduced some additional topics from the syllabus according to the provisions of NEP. The NCERT is set to release new textbooks for students of the Foundational stage and also upgrade the textbook for the upper classes also. You can check the following big changes which will be seen and the time of implementation of the policy at all India level.

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Restructure Academic education 

Indian education system follows the 10 + 2 formula to provide education from class 1 to class 12. Where students get the liberty to select their subjects in only class 11 in 12th. But NEP 2020 has revised the structure of academic education in India by following the formula of 5 + 3 + 3 + 4. The Academy education was formally calculated from class 1 in previous years. But now NEP has also included the educational activities in Bal Vatika and Anganwadi in academic education. In this formula 5 is the representation of 5 years of the students where initially 3 years Will be calculated in preschool and Anganwadi and later 2 years will be calculated in class 1 and class 2. This stage is known as the Foundation stage. After this the preparatory stage is divided into 3 years where students get admission in class 3 and study up to class 5. Class 6th to class 8 is calculated in the middle stage and the Secondary stage will be calculated from class 9 to class 12. This is a big change in Indian educational structure.

National Education Policy

Liberty to select subjects

As mentioned, the secondary stage was calculated after 10th class formally, but now students will get Liberty to select their subjects according to their preferences and choice from class 9th. so students can learn their specific subjects in 4 years from class 9 to class 12th. Students are not bound to get a pre-decided subject. For example if they want they can opt Hindi with Physics and economics. According to the educationist it is 100% student Centre approach where students can opt their courses according to their choice and their interest.

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Focus on mother tongue

National education policy 2020 is focusing to provide education in mother tongue only. Students can learn in other languages also, But the primary education which will cover 8 years of the students in Foundational and preparing stage will be only provided in the mother tongue of the child. As it is proposed that, child feel Liberty to express the thoughts in their mother tongue. So it will help students to learn in their local language.

Entrance based admission in college 

All the central universities Are providing admission in their colleges only those candidates who have participated in the common University entrance test- CUET. This entrance based admission has also proposed by the nep 2020. However some state level Universities are still providing admission only merit base but majority of the universities are following CUET counselling procedure to provide admission in the colleges. Other professional courses including engineering, medical course are already conducting NEET and JEE entrance exams to provide admission in undergraduate and postgraduate courses.

Changes in the Board examinations

The national curriculum framework is also implementing NEP in the education system. NCF has announced that Board examinations in the schools will be conducted twice in a year. All the educational bodies and boards were conducting the board examination only on an annual basis. According to the national curriculum framework, annual Board examinations are increasing the pressure among students, so if they appear two times in the examination then the study pressure will reduce from the students and it will also help to achieve good marks for students in their studies. 


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